An analysis has shown that a full half of the top 200 Apple suppliers are located within areas of China at risk from COVID lockdowns. These include not just high-profile companies responsible for the final assembly of Apple products – Pegatron, Quanta and Compal – but also critical component suppliers.
One top Chinese tech exec has warned that tech production in the area ‘will come to a complete halt’ unless things change within the next ten days…
The Chinese government has been imposing stringent lockdowns in a bid to eradicate COVID-19 from the country. This contrasts with the approach of most other countries, which is to rely on vaccines and milder measures to limit the spread and severity of the disease. We recently summarized the impact on Apple production to date:
A lockdown in Shenzhen last month forced Foxconn to halt iPhone assembly at two plants, though a combination of exemptions for closed-loop production and the company’s ability to switch to backup facilities meant that iPhone production wasn’t badly hit.
However, lockdowns in Shanghai and Kunshan have seen Apple production halted at three other suppliers, and these are expected to have a much more significant impact […]
Foxconn’s massive iPhone assembly facility at Zhengzhou has so far been unaffected.
Half of Apple suppliers at risk
Apple publishes its supplier list each year, and a Nikkei Asia analysis found that at least half of the top 200 are located in areas of China at risk of further COVID-19 lockdowns.
More than 70 companies own manufacturing plants in Jiangsu Province that directly supply the US tech giant, according to an analysis of Apple’s latest available Supplier List. The majority of these are in Kunshan and Suzhou, the two cities near Shanghai. A further 30 or so Apple suppliers have facilities in Shanghai itself, the latest epicenter of the COVID-19 surge in China.
These suppliers run the gamut from major iPhone assembler Pegatron and iPad maker Compal Electronics to makers of components such as displays, printed circuit boards, thermal parts, batteries and acoustic components.
Risk of ‘a complete halt’ to tech production
The head of display maker AU Optronics said that the lockdowns ‘could lead to a supply chain cutoff in the worst-case scenario,’ and that the problem extends down to the most mundane-sounding – but still crucial – products.
“Some very basic materials such as carton boxes are in serious shortage.”
It follows a stark warning a few days ago by Huawei’s head of consumer tech, Richard Yu.
“If Shanghai cannot resume production by May, all of the tech and industrial players who have supply chains in the area will come to a complete halt.”
Apple is a master of operations and logistics, and tries to diversify its supply chains as much as possible, so it is probably better placed than most to ride out the storm.
All the same, there are limits to the contingency measures any company can take. While talk of a complete shutdown of tech production in the area may be an extreme possibility, Apple would not be immune to a prolonged shortages of components and assembly capacity. We’ve already seen some impact in Apple stores, and the situation seems likely to get worse before it gets better.
The greatest fear is lockdowns extending into the summer. Build-up of holiday inventory takes a lot of time, and China is already suffering massive shipping disruption which is seeing extensive delays to the time needed to ship products overseas. Some are warning that holiday sales will be hit if lockdowns continue into June and July.
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